Employer Injury Disaster Loans through the Small Business Administration

Updated March 24, 2020

This article was written by Attorney Eric Klemm

In light of the tremendous consequences to business and individuals associated with the growth of the coronavirus COVID-19 (“Coronavirus”), Neider & Boucher, S.C. has recently published an employment law FAQ on various workplace issues, a primer on Force Majeure clauses, and review of the Family First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA).  Our clients have reached out with a myriad of questions regarding ancillary issues associated with running a business during this pandemic.  Because the lessons learned by some could be invaluable for others, we will continue to try to address and share those lessons with our clients and our community.

EIDL Loans Overview

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As of 10:00 pm on Friday March 20, the counties in Wisconsin are eligible for Employer Injury Disaster Loans (“EIDL”) offered by the Small Business Administration (“SBA”). The first and most important thing to know about these loans is that the process can take 3-4 weeks from application to eventual approval and receipt of funds. All indications suggest that there will be a backlog of loan applications for EIDL loans. There is no obligation to take the funds if approved, so you should apply immediately, and decide later whether you wish to take the funds.

Uses of EIDL Loans.

The EIDL loan is unique in that the capital may only be used to help businesses with working capital constraints.

EIDL Loan Terms.

The loan terms for EIDL loans appear to be better than market loans. The current terms of EIDL loans as discussed by the SBA Wisconsin office are as follows:

  • Interest Rate 3.75% applies to for-profit businesses
  • Maximum Loan $2 Million
  • Loan Term: Up to 30 years
  • All loans currently come with an automatic 12-month deferral of payments.
  • No prepayment penalties or restrictions

EIDL Loan Application Process and Required Documents

There are numerous documents and pieces of information about both you and your business that will be needed, so therefore, companies needing an immediate lifeline should gather and prepare the following as soon as possible if interested in this loan program:

  • All corporate governance documents
    • Articles of Incorporation
    • Articles of Organization (for LLCs)
    • Registration of Sole Proprietorships
    • Employer Identification Numbers (EINs)
    • Operating Agreements
    • Bylaws
  • A written statement explaining the nature and scope of the economic injury.
    • This statement should be a simple narrative about how and why your business has been adversely impacted by the COVID-19 virus.
    • Topics to briefly discuss include your loss of revenues, cancelled contracts, interrupted supply chains, and other events that results in economic injury (financial loss or lost opportunities) to your business.
  • Current Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable Aging as of the date you file for the loan
  • Tax filings for the prior three (3) years for both the businesses and the owners of the business.
    • For loan amounts under $500,000, the current year’s returns do not need to be provided
    • Also must fill out IRS Form 4506-T, allowing the SBA to request transcripts of tax returns, allowing the SBA to work with the IRS to obtain tax information.
  • Company fiscal year end Income Statements and Balance Sheets for the previous three (3) years, as well as latest year to date financial statements (company prepared as opposed to audited financial statements will be accepted).
  • Company and Owner’s Debt Schedule Tables (including: lender, original loan amount, date, current balance, interest rate, collateral, purpose of loan, any guarantors, status as current or past due (with explanation if past due), for each loan) (SBA Form 2202)
  • Personal financial statements from the company’s owners (SBA Form 413)
  • Monthly two (2) years’ cash flow projections
  • Monthly Sales History for three (3) years up to date of filing for loan. (SBA Form 1368)
  • Current copies of credit reports for owners of company from the three (3) credit bureaus with explanations for negative reports.
  • Sales Reporting for Past Three Years
    • The SBA requires sales records for the past three years. If actual sales records have not been maintained, businesses may estimate their monthly sales. If estimates are being made, please use the letter “e” next to each estimated figure. Forecasted income and expenses until normal operations resume will also be requested.

Other EIDL Loan Program Information and Considerations

While EIDL loans have attractive terms, they are not free money. The SBA requires a personal guarantee for all loans.  Qualification criteria such as credit scores and other requirements are not disclosed to the public, and are currently in flux as Congress takes steps to deal with the crisis.  The following general guidelines are known and have been discussed by the Wisconsin branch of the SBA:

  • Loans over $25,000 will be secured by some type of collateral pledge but loans will not be declined due to a lack of collateral;
  • For loans over $25,000, the first $25,000 can be disbursed prior to confirmation/legal documentation securing the collateral for the loan, and the subsequent funds will follow after all agreements finalized; and
  • Loans up to $500,000 will not require the current year’s tax returns (2019)

Be sure to select “Economic Injury” as the disaster when applying; there are other active disasters still available to select on the application website for Wisconsin, and misclassifying the disaster could delay or prevent your application.  Also, the SBA cannot reset your password if you pause your application or otherwise get locked out; if you forget your application/login information, you will have to start over again. Keep all of your login and application information readily available to prevent this from happening.

Final Thoughts on EIDL

There is no application fee, and even if approved you can choose to take some, all, or none of the approved funds.  Within six (6) months of approval, you can contact the SBA to request an increase in the loan.  There is no reason not to apply and begin the process as soon as possible.

The SBA is currently running webinars twice a day until Friday, March 27. The 10:30 am webinar registration is here, and the 2:30 pm webinar registration is here.


This article was authored by Attorney Eric Klemm, a member of the Business Law Practice Group, who helps clients with all matters associated with their business.  He works with individuals and businesses large and small to help tailor solutions to fit their needs.  Eric previously worked as a staff attorney to three Dane County judges.

The guidance provided above is general in nature and readers are encouraged to reach out to Neider & Boucher, S.C., or to their own legal counsel to determine the applicability of these issues to their own personal and/or business needs